Aqueous Film-Forming Foam

Beginning in the early 1960s, NRL conducted research on fire suppression that eventually led to one of the most far-reaching benefits to worldwide aviation safety -- the development of aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF).

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Mindi Messmer
PFCS: GLOBAL CONTAMINANTS: PFOA IS A PERVASIVE POLLUTANT IN HUMAN BLOOD, AS ARE OTHER PFCS

Evidence of blood contamination in the 1970s. Early work to define human contamination by 3M chemicals was done not by the company but by dentists researching fluoride in the human body. Dr. Donald Taves of the University of Rochester's School of Medicine and Dentistry reported a surprising finding in a workup of a sample of his own blood. His analyses showed that some of the fluoride in his blood appeared to be organic, and unrelated to the types of fluoride added (controversially) to public drinking water supplies for purposes of dental hygiene.

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Mindi Messmer